|Discovered by|| Sébastien Charnoz as part of |
|Discovered on||1 June, 2004|
|Orbital characteristics |
|Semimajor axis||194,440 ± 20 km|
|Orbital period||1.009573975 d|
(to Saturn's equator)
|0.007 ± 0.003°|
|Is a satellite of||Saturn|
|Mean diameter||≈ 3 km|
|Mass||0.7 − 3 ×1013 kg|
It was discovered by Sébastien Charnoz, member of Cassini imaging scientists team led by Carolyn C. Porco, et al. in 2004, and given the temporary designation S/2004 S 1. Methone is also named Saturn XXXII.
Methone is visibly affected by a perturbing mean longitude resonance with the much larger Mimas. This causes its osculating orbital elements to vary with an amplitude of about 20 km in semi-major axis, and 5° in longitude on a timescale of about 450 days. Eccentricity also varies on different timescales between 0.0011 and 0.0037, and inclination between about 0.003° and 0.020° .
The name Methone was approved by the IAU Working Group on Planetary System Nomenclature on January 21, 2005. It should be officially approved at the IAU General Assembly in 2006. Methone was one of the Alkyonides, the seven beautiful daughters of the Giant Alkyoneus.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 J.N. Spitale et al (2006). "The orbits of Saturn's small satellites derived from combined historic and Cassini imaging observations". The Astronomical Journal 132: 692.
- ↑ Based on density 0.5 - 2 g/cm³
- C.C. Porco et al (2005). "Cassini Imaging Science: Initial Results on Saturn's Rings and Small Satellites". Science 307 (5713): 1226-1236. (February 25, 2005; subscription required)
|edit Saturn's natural satellites|
|Pan | Daphnis | Atlas | Prometheus | S/2004 S 6 | S/2004 S 4 | S/2004 S 3 | Pandora | Epimetheus and Janus|
|Mimas | Methone | Pallene | Enceladus | Telesto, Tethys, and Calypso | Polydeuces, Dione, and Helene | Rhea|
|Titan | Hyperion | Iapetus | Kiviuq | Ijiraq | Phoebe | Paaliaq | Skathi | Albiorix | S/2004 S 11 | Erriapo | Siarnaq|
|S/2004 S 13 | Tarvos | Mundilfari | S/2004 S 17 | Narvi | S/2004 S 15 | S/2004 S 10 | Suttungr | S/2004 S 12|
|S/2004 S 18 | S/2004 S 9 | S/2004 S 14 | S/2004 S 7 | Thrymr | S/2004 S 16 | Ymir | S/2004 S 8|
|See also: Pronunciation key | Rings of Saturn | Cassini-Huygens | Themis|