Moon landing map

Green dots indicate locations of Apollo missions on the moon

The Apollo missions were a series of space missions, both manned and unmanned, flown by NASA between 1961 and 1975. They culminated with a series of manned moon landings between 1969 and 1972.

Launch vehicles

The Apollo program used four types of launch vehicles:

The Marshall Space Flight Center, which designed the Saturn rockets, referred to the flights as Saturn-Apollo (SA), while Kennedy Space Center referred to the flights as Apollo-Saturn (AS). This is why the unmanned Saturn 1 flights are referred to as SA and the unmanned Saturn 1B are referred to as AS. Dates given below are dates of launch.

Unmanned missions

Saturn I

Mission LV Serial No Launch Date Launch Time Remarks
SA-1 S-101 27 October 1961 15:06 GMT Test of the Saturn 1 Rocket
SA-2 S-102 25 April 1962 14:00 GMT Test of the S-1 Rocket and carried 109 m³ of water into the upper atmosphere to investigate effects on radio transmission and changes in local weather conditions.
SA-3 AS-103 16 November 1962 17:45 GMT Repeat of the SA-2 mission.
SA-4 AS-104 28 March 1963 20:11 GMT Test effects of premature engine shutdown
SA-5 AS-105 29 January 1964 16:25 GMT First flight of live second stage
A-101 AS-106 28 May 1964 17:07 GMT Tested the structural integrity of a boilerplate Apollo Command and Service Module
A-102 AS-107 18 September 1964 17:22 GMT Carried the first programmable computer on the Saturn I vehicle; last test flight
A-103 AS-109 16 February 1965 14:37 GMT Carried Pegasus A micrometeorite satellite plus a CSM boilerplate
*A-104 AS-108 25 May 1965 07:35 GMT Carried Pegasus B micrometeorite satellite plus a CSM boilerplate
A-105 AS-110 30 July 1965 13:00 GMT Carried Pegasus C micrometeorite satellite plus a CSM boilerplate

Pad abort tests

Apollo Pad Abort Test -2

Pad Abort Test (NASA) with boilerplate command module

Mission Launch Date Launch Time Remarks
Pad Abort Test-1 7 November 1963 16:00 GMT Launch Escape System (LES) abort test from launch pad.
Pad Abort Test-2 29 June 1965 13:00 GMT LES pad abort test of near Block-I CM.

Little Joe II

Mission LV Serial No Launch Date Launch Time Remarks
QTV 28 August 1963 13:05 GMT Little Joe II qualification test.
A-001 13 May 1964 13:00 GMT LES transonic test failed.
A-002 8 December 1964 15:00 GMT LES maximum altitude, Max-Q abort test.
A-003 19 May 1965 13:01 GMT LES canard maximum altitude abort test.
A-004 20 January 1966 15:17 GMT LES test of maximum weight, tumbling Block-I CM.

Unmanned Apollo-Saturn IB and Saturn V

Mission Rocket LV Serial No Launch Date Launch Time Remarks
AS-201 Saturn IB AS-201 26 February 1966 16:12 GMT First test flight of Saturn IB rocket
AS-203 Saturn IB AS-203 5 July 1966 14:53 GMT Investigated effects of weightlessness on fuel tanks of S-IVB. Sometimes informally called Apollo 2.
AS-202 Saturn IB AS-202 25 August 1966 17:15 GMT Sub-orbital test flight of Command and Service Module. Sometimes informally called Apollo 3.
Apollo 4 Saturn V AS-501 9 November 1967 12:00 GMT First test of the Saturn V booster
Apollo 5 Saturn IB AS-204 22 January 1968 22:48 GMT Test of the Saturn IB booster and Lunar Module
Apollo 6 Saturn V AS-502 4 April 1968 16:12 GMT Test of the Saturn V booster
Skylab 1 Saturn INT-21 AS-513 14 May 1973 17:30 GMT Unmanned launch of Skylab 1 workshop using Saturn INT-21 (two-stage version of the Saturn V booster). Last flight of Saturn V booster.

Manned missions

Mission Rocket LV Serial No Commander Senior Pilot or Command Module Pilot Pilot or Lunar Module Pilot CM Name LM Name Launch Date Launch Time Duration
Apollo 1 Saturn IB AS-204 Grissom White Chaffee N/A No LM 21 February 1967 (Planned) N/A N/A
Unlaunched - On 27 January 1967 Gus Grissom, Edward White, and Roger Chaffee were killed when a fire erupted in their Apollo spacecraft during a test on the launch pad.
Apollo 7 Saturn IB AS-205 Schirra Eisele Cunningham N/A No LM 11 October 1968 15:02 GMT 10d 20h
09m 03s
First manned Apollo flight, first manned flight of the Saturn IB. Only manned Apollo launch not from LC 39
Apollo 8 Saturn V AS-503 Borman Lovell Anders N/A No LM 21 December 1968 12:51 GMT 06d 03h
00m 42s
First manned flight around the Moon, first manned flight of the Saturn V.
Apollo 9 Saturn V AS-504 McDivitt Scott Schweickart Gumdrop Spider 3 March 1969 16:00 GMT 10d 01h
00m 54s
First manned flight of the Lunar Module.
Apollo 10 Saturn V AS-505 Stafford Young Cernan Charlie Brown Snoopy 18 May 1969 16:49 GMT 08d 00h
03m 23s
First manned flight of the Lunar Module around the Moon.
Apollo 11 Saturn V AS-506 Armstrong Collins Aldrin Columbia Eagle 16 July 1969 13:32 GMT 08d 03h
18m 35s
First manned landing on the Moon, 20 July.
Apollo 12 Saturn V AS-507 Conrad Gordon Bean Yankee Clipper Intrepid 14 November 1969 16:22 GMT 10d 04h
36m 24s
First precise manned landing on the Moon. Recovered part of Surveyor 3 probe.
Apollo 13 Saturn V AS-508 Lovell Swigert Haise Odyssey Aquarius 11 April 1970 19:13 GMT 05d 22h
54m 41s
Oxygen tank exploded en route, forcing cancellation of landing. First (and, as of 2007, only) manned non-orbital lunar flight.
Apollo 14 Saturn V AS-509 Shepard Roosa Mitchell Kitty Hawk Antares 31 January 1971 21:03 GMT 09d 00h
01m 58s
Alan Shepard, the sole astronaut of the Mercury MR-3 mission - and thus the first American in space - walks (and plays golf) on the Moon.
Apollo 15 Saturn V AS-510 Scott Worden Irwin Endeavour Falcon 26 July 1971 13:34 GMT 12d 07h
11m 53s
First mission with the Lunar Rover vehicle.
Apollo 16 Saturn V AS-511 Young Mattingly Duke Casper Orion 16 April 1972 17:54 GMT 11d 01h
51m 05s
First landing in the lunar highlands.
Apollo 17 Saturn V AS-512 Cernan Evans Schmitt America Challenger 7 December 1972 05:33 GMT 12d 13h
51m 59s
Final Apollo lunar mission, first night launch, only mission with a professional geologist.

Canceled lunar missions

Main article: Canceled Apollo missions
Mission name/designation Commander CM




Mission date Date of cancellation
Apollo 18 Gordon Brand Schmitt February 1972 2 September 1970
Budget cuts - NOTE: The Apollo 15 designation was re-used as Apollo 16 became 15, 17 became 16, and 18 became 17.
Apollo 19 Haise Pogue Carr July 1972 2 September 1970
Budget cuts
Apollo 20 Conrad or Roosa Weitz Lousma December 1972 to February 1973 4 January 1970
Launch vehicle needed to launch Skylab
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Post-Apollo missions using Apollo hardware and Saturn IB

Mission Rocket LV

 Serial No

Commander Pilot Science Pilot Launch Date Launch Time Duration
Skylab 2 Saturn IB AS-206 Conrad Weitz Kerwin 25 May 1973 13:00 GMT 28d 00h
49m 49s
First crew of the Skylab Space Station.
Skylab 3 Saturn IB AS-207 Bean Lousma Garriott 28 July 1973 11:10 GMT 59d 11h
09m 34s
Second Skylab crew. SM thruster malfunction nearly necessitated a Rescue Mission.
Skylab 4 Saturn IB AS-208 Carr Pogue Gibson 16 November 1973 14:01 GMT 84d 01h
15m 31s
Third and final Skylab crew. Penultimate flight of Apollo.
Mission Rocket LV Serial No Commander CM


Docking Module Pilot Launch Date Launch Time Duration
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (Apollo 18) Saturn IB AS-209 Stafford Brand Slayton 15 July 1975 12:20 GMT 09d 01h
Final flight of both Apollo and the Saturn Ib. Rendezvous and docking with Soyuz 19 spacecraft. The inadvertent entry of toxic gases into the cabin atmosphere created a potentially life-threatening health risk to the astronauts during re-entry.
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